Rudy Eugene’s Toxicology Report: Experts speculate on what caused ‘face-chewing’ attack

CBS/AP) MIAMI – Experts are still speculating about what may have caused Rudy Eugene’s face-chewing attack on Ronald Poppo in Miami last month. A toxicology report on Wednesday failed to find “bath salts” and other major street drugs in Eugene’s system.

Pictures: Fla. police identify “face-eating” naked man

The Miami-Dade County Medical Examiner said in a news release that the toxicology detected marijuana but it didn’t find any other street drugs, alcohol or prescription drugs. Eugene also tested negative for adulterants commonly mixed with street drugs.

An expert on toxicology testing said marijuana alone wasn’t likely to cause behavior as strange as Eugene’s.

“The problem today is that there is an almost an infinite number of chemical substances out there that can trigger unusual behavior,” said Dr. Bruce Goldberger, Professor and Director of Toxicology at the University of Florida.

There has been much speculation about what drugs, if any, would lead to the bizarre May 26 attack at a Miami causeway that left Poppo, 65, missing about 75 percent of his face. The tests ruled out the suggestion that 35-year-old Eugene may have been under the influence of bath salts, which mimic the effects of cocaine or methamphetamine and have been associated with bizarre crimes in recent months.

An outside forensic toxicology lab, which took a second look at the results, also confirmed the absence of bath salts, synthetic marijuana and LSD.

Goldberger said the medical examiner’s office in Miami is known for doing thorough work and he’s confident they and the independent lab covered as much ground as possible. But it’s nearly impossible for toxicology testing to keep pace with new formulations of synthetic drugs.

“There are many of these synthetic drugs that we currently don’t have the methodology to test on, and that is not the fault of the toxicology lab. The challenge today for the toxicology lab is to stay on top of these new chemicals and develop methodologies for them but it’s very difficult and very expensive.” Goldberger said. “There is no one test or combination of tests that can detect every possible substance out there.”

An addiction expert said she wouldn’t rule out marijuana causing the agitation.

“It could have been the strain of marijuana that increases the dopamine in the brain, such as sativa,” said Dr. Patricia Junquera, assistant professor at the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine.

There are two strains of marijuana called sativa and indica. The sativa increases dopamine and gives you energy while decreasing pain threshold. Indica is a “sleepy high,” she explained.

“People don’t really know what the amount of either is in each little packet of marijuana,” she explained. “And we can’t differentiate between the two in the blood, much less in a dead person.”

She also suggested that if Eugene had a mental disorder, “the marijuana could have increased even further the dopamine levels and aggravated the situation. So that can’t be ruled out.”

Eugene’s friends and family have said he was religious, not violent and that he didn’t drink or do drugs harder than marijuana, so they are baffled as to what caused Eugene’s brutal assault against the homeless victim.

“There’s no answer for it, not really,” said Marckenson Charles, Eugene’s younger brother. “Anybody who knew him knows this wasn’t the person we knew him to be. Whatever triggered him, there is no answer for this.”

Charles said the family does not plan to pursue any legal action against the police for shooting Eugene on the day of the face-chewing attack. Surveillance video from a nearby building shows Eugene stripping Poppo and pummeling him. The police officer who shot Eugene to death reportedly said Eugene growled at the officer when he told him to stop.

“They used the force they felt was necessary even if we don’t agree with that,” Charles said.

He said Eugene has been buried.

Poppo has undergone several surgeries and remains hospitalized. His left eye was removed, but doctors said earlier this month they were trying to find a way to restore vision in his right eye. He will need more surgeries before he can explore the options for reconstructing his face, doctors have said.

Health Department regulation will make it a violation to buy, sell or possess synthetic drugs like bath salts and fake marijuana

ALBANY — State and local law enforcement would have new power to fight the growing problem of designer drugs and fake pot under a new regulation set to be announced by Gov. Cuomo.
The Health Department regulation, to be unveiled Tuesday, will make it a violation to sell, distribute, or possess synthetic drugs like bath salts and fake pot.
Violators could face up to 15 days in jail, a small fine, or even have their businesses shut down.
“It gives law enforcement a nimble, flexible tool they can take immediate action on,” a Cuomo aide said.
The state will also create a hotline for parents and others to report stores selling the illegal products. And the Health Department will spearhead a web campaign to educate the public about the deadly drugs.
The actions come a month after President Obama signed a law to ban designer drugs and fake pot.
The Cuomo administration order doesn’t hold nearly the same power as the federal law, which carries penalties of up to 20 years in prison — or more if someone dies or is seriously hurt. The federal law also carries fines of up to $5 million for first-time offenders.
Cuomo aides say the state action is similar to going after low-level drug dealers while the feds focus on the kingpins.
“The feds are going to go after the big fish, but it’s not the big fish that are necessarily the problem,” one aide said. “It’s the bodega on the corner. And a U.S. attorney is not going to go after a bodega on the corner.”
The regulation builds on an order Cuomo’s Health Department issued last year banning the sale of the synthetic drugs and allowing for the shutdown of businesses that ignored it.
That order followed an exclusive Daily News investigation revealing the deadly dangers of the designer drug.
But manufacturers responded by simply tweaking the chemical compounds to stay ahead of the authorities.
The new regulation outlaws dozens more chemicals than the previous one and, for the first time, makes it a violation that allows local law enforcement to get involved.
Also, unlike the federal law, someone simply possessing a synthetic drug without the intent to sell it can be charged, a Cuomo aide said.
Synthetic drugs are marketed as imitating the effects of pot, cocaine and LSD. They are often masked as everyday household items like bath salts or potpourri.
But they can cause hallucinations, seizures and suicidal or homicidal thoughts.
Emergency room visits and state Poison Control calls linked to the deadly drugs have been on the rise since 2011, the state Health Department reported.
Sen. Charles Schumer, who sponsored the federal law, called the Cuomo action “another tool at our disposal.”

Pinellas officials considering banning bath salts and some incenses

In their latest salvo in the on-going struggle against synthetic marijuana, Pinellas County officials are seeking to ban the sale of bath salts and certain herbal incense products.

The proposed ordinance is an attempt to close the loophole created when Florida banned more than 90 chemicals used in synthetic marijuana. County officials said that by the time those products were off the shelves, drugmakers had already adapted by concocting new, legal cocktails that are as dangerous as their predecessors.

“What we want to do is make sure that we took the opportunity to close those gaps to ensure those things don’t come growing back,” said Tim Burns, the county’s director of Justice and Consumer Services.

In addition to banning synthetic marijuana, bath salts and kratom — a lesser-known substance that comes from a tropical plant — the ordinance would establish a five-person committee responsible for reviewing new products and possibly banning those as well.

Today, the Pinellas County Board of Commissioners will vote on whether to hold a public hearing on the proposed regulations.

Leo Calzadilla, who owns three tobacco shops in Pinellas County and is planning to open a fourth, said he would protest the ordinance. When state law banned a variety of products, he changed what he sold, he said. But the race to pass new ordinances and outfox manufacturers seems pointless to him, as well as bad for business.

“Herbal incense is sold as herbal incense,” he said. “That’s what it’s intended for. … What people do with it is their prerogative.”

Many of the synthetic marijuana products are labeled “not for consumption,” said Pinellas County Sheriff Bob Gualtieri, adding that this was “intellectually dishonest.”

Manufacturers know that teenagers buy their products intending to smoke or ingest them, he said. The drugs can cause extreme euphoria, as well as hallucinations and seizures. And there have been several high-profile instances in which teenagers died or were injured while under the influence of those substances.

Gualtieri said he is distributing letters to store owners, asking them to voluntarily drop the synthetic drugs from their inventories.

Randy Heine, owner of Rockin Cards & Gifts, a tobacco shop in Pinellas Park, said he would not object to banning synthetic marijuana, though this should be done at a state level, he said. But kratom is another matter.

Heine sells kratom leaves for smoking, kratom powder for making tea, and kratomite, a liquid concoction he described as a “relaxer.”

“I’ve been selling it steadily for 30 years without a problem, zero, nada, nothing,” he said. “There’s minimal reports of problems, compared to coffee, aspirin, cigarettes, and nobody has died of this; it’s just hysteria.”

“I’ve got to confess I don’t even know what it is,” Gualtieri said. “It’s not on my radar.”

But Burns maintained that kratom is an emerging product, one that might not be well-known to law enforcement officials now, but is poised to replace the synthetic drugs the county is hoping to banish.

The county’s proposed ordinance cites Thailand’s decision to outlaw kratom, as well as the substance’s inclusion on the Drug Enforcement Administration’s list of drugs and chemicals of concern as reason for banning it in Pinellas.

County officials also have proposed new regulations that would require stores selling glass pipes and bongs to post large warning signs on the front of their buildings.

What do you think about the ban on herbal incense spice – k2

This year we have worked hard as bloggers to bring you all the news, reviews on herbal incense spice.  Over the last week it has been a blow to the spice market. The DEA has cracked down and put 90% of the business out of business.  75% of the manufacturers  have been raided, some people have been arrested.  Many had there products taken by the DEA for testing.


Since we are the largest blog online for all the spice news, we want to hear your input.  We want to know what are readers think about this ban and all the action the DEA and law enforment has taken over this last week.

Share your comments with all our readers and chat with others.  We are getting about 100o times more hits to our blog.  We are now getting over 35,00o hits per day.  Thats a jump from about 3000 were used to getting.  HUGE JUMP in only a week.  We are working around the clock to bring you all the latest news.  At this time we are not posting reviews about spice, only news.  Thanks for your support and helping us have the largest news platform for synthetic drugs.  If you have any news you would like to post please contact us.

Police make local bath salts bust

VERONA TOWNSHIP — The Huron County Sheriff’s Office along with the Bad Axe Police Department made a large, bath salts-related drug bust on Joyce Drive on Tuesday afternoon.

After serving a search warrant, authorities entered the residence to find three individuals present, with one appearing to be in the process of injecting a substance into their arm.

Used, new and loaded syringes were reported to be strewn across the entire residence.

Through the course of about four and a half hours, nearly 50 grams of bath salts were confiscated along with about 15 syringes that were loaded with an unknown substance. Authorities believe the syringes contain a bath salt solution.

Also found in the bust were prescription drugs, possible morphine, K2 and other unknown pills, along with nearly $1,000 in cash.

The current street value of bath salts is ranging from $40 a gram to as much as $80 a gram. This value is roughly double what bath salts cost before being recently deemed illegal.

The search warrant was the result of a lengthy investigation initiated in a cooperative effort between both police departments. Some cooperation from the occupants was received and the investigation will continue.

“This is an ongoing investigation,” said Huron County Sheriff Kelly Hanson. “We receive tips on almost a daily basis, but it makes it difficult when the tipster doesn’t really want to get involved.”

While the bust is believed to be of a large dealer in the area, officials said the bath salts issue will continue to be an problem.

“By no means has the bath salts problem come to an end,” Hanson said.

The sheriff’s office has been in communication with the Huron County Prosecutor’s Office and been discussing options on criminal charges.

Huron Central Ambulance also assisted at the scene.
Authorities encourage anyone with tips on illegal drug activity to contact the sheriff’s office at 989-269-6500 during regular business hours or Huron Central Dispatch at 989-269-6421 anytime. There is also a confidential tips line at 989-269-2861.

teens protest herbal incense ban

ENGLEWOOD Fla.- About two dozen kids showed up at RJR Convenient in Englewood to protest Thursday. They believe that the business owner should be working harder to help keep incense out of the hands of minors.

15-year-old Catherine Friedline showed up to protest with one of her friends. She says she has seen what the controversial incense does to her peers.

“It really screws them up and it’s really harmful,” said Friedline.

Ammity Chandler with Drug Free Charlotte County staged the protest. She wants to see the store owner pull the product off the shelves.

“Herbal incense has been on the market flying under the radar and above the radar mimicking synthetic marijuana,” says Chandler.

The ingredients in those incense are not regulated and are therefore entirely legal to sell, but the drug enforcement agency is working to ban the products. Just last year, 13,000 calls came into poison control centers from people who took these drugs.

“It’s absolutely not against the law he can have any product line that he would like our preference would be that he not sell it next to the bubble gum and candy and that he not sell it to minors,” says Chandler

These protesters say their concerns are compounded  because one employee here was arrested recently for selling alcohol to a minor. The store owner did not want to comment on camera.


Where to buy herbal incense spice?

Yes this is a herbal incense review blog and news website.  But we have had so many emails this last week asking us “Where to buy herbal incense”.

Since everyone knows we are the top herbal incense news source for reviews and breaking news across the herbal incense world, we wanted to share some of the best places.

First some states have jumped the ban wagon and stop selling herbal incense products. Yes I know that sucks, but the great news is called the World Wide Web.  All you have to do is place an order on and get your herbal incense products fast.

So there is no reason why you should be having an issue orders herbal spice.

I hope this helps with our admin on the site, we try our best to get back to everyone with their personal questions via email but honestly we are getting over 20,000 visitors to the site per day and growing.  That’s makes it a little hard to always get back to each and every one of you.

Also I want to give a big thank you to all of our sites readers.  Also I know that is giving away $300.00 worth of FREE HERBAL INCENSE starting tomorrow.  So make sure to check them out on facebook and enter to win 300 bucks FREE.  You can’t beat that deal!

I would say head over to facebook right now and “LIKE SOME” So that you can get all the contest and giveaway information First.  Hey let them know you heard it first here guys!  Thanks Admin

Jazz Blueberry Herbal Incense Review

When most people hear the word jazz they think of one of two things.  Music or dance, well the people over at are changing the way people think of the word jazz.  There is a Jazz Blueberry Herbal Incense now and its sure to please everyone.

Jazz herbal spice is packed with a strong blend of damiana and a mix of blueberry scents for all your herbal incense needs.  The packed is blue with the words JAZZ right on the front.

Please keep in mind that all herbal incense products are not meant for human consumption.  Now I know there is other people out there like me that don’t always follow the rules. When I first tried this I was so impressed with this spice.  It is one of the finest blends on the market and one of the best priced per gram also.

The effects are long lasting and the scent is well blueberry.  What more can I say except that if you are a blueberry lover then you will want more of this.  So kick back and turn up that JAZZ and light up some jazz herbal incense spice and get the party started.

Heap Trip Herbal Incense Review

Ok what a name for a herbal incense “Head Trip”.  Some of us older guys remember the days of LSD and magic mushrooms.  So when we hear head trip that’s what comes to mind.  No this is not like that all.  This is a legal herbal incense spice called Head Trip and it’s great incense.

We were sent this herbal incense of head trip to sample and write a review on.  Once we got the package in the mail we opened it right up and were excited to see just what’s in the package.  Well it was a sealed baggie of HEAD TRIP HERBAL INCENSE.

My friend and I were like yea buddy let’s get on with this review.  We never write a review on a product we have not personally tried.  Now if you have read a lot of our herbal incense reviews you know that we don’t always write good reviews on every product we try.  There is a ton of crap herbal incense out there.  We have tried them all, and this is one of the best ones we have had the chance to write a review on.

Head trip herbal spice is not a new spice to hit the block.  This herbal spice has been in the game for a while and we tried it about a year ago.  At that time we were not writing reviews and honestly I have tied so many I really don’t even remember that one.

Ok so let’s get on with letting everyone know about this spice head trip.  The package is just like in the photo we have attached in the blog posting.  It has green packaging and has black writing with a skull on the baggie.

I cracked open this sealed baggie with my teeth an packed a fat pipe full of this head trip and let me tell you it taste great in my water bong.  Super smooth an burns just like hydo.  I was very pleased with the fast acting effects that head trip has.  Super fast effects, I mean don’t plan on smoking this before you’re on your way to moms for dinner let’s just saying that.  It lasted about 55 minutes pretty straight high then a really mellow feeling for about an hour after.  Very chill herbal spice.

As far as price I got this for free, but I have done some research on sites that sell it like 4 grams for $19.99 and you better believe that it’s worth every dime.  And im not talking dime bag. LOL

This is a great Aroma and Herbal Incense Spice I would say is a real party starter.

Diablo Herbal Incense Review

Now I do a ton of herbal incense spice reviews and I think I have tried just about every herbal spice under the sun.  So most of the time I don’t get that excited to write a review.  This is not the case with Diablo Herbal Incense.  I am super pumped to let everyone know about this amazing herbal spice.


I bought 3 grams of Diablo Herbal Incense from and I paid $16.99.  Sounds like a good price for 3 grams.  Let me tell you it’s an amazing price cause this Diablo Herbal Incense is the bomb.

Now I picked it up for some aromatherapy.  Yea right I bought this stash to smoke the hell out of it.  First the packaging is kick ass.  If you don’t think it is, I tell you what buy some and smoke a joint of this bomb ass herbal spice and then stair at the black packaging and it’s like the devils face comes off the wrapper.

Once I opened up the spice the potpourri was nice and super fluffy and smells just perfect.  Sort of smells like hydro of something along those lines.  Once I rolled up a fatty and started to burn it and start my smoking session it was even better aroma.

Now I want to let everyone know this is one of the stronger herbal spices out there. This is not for the weak at heart that’s for damn sure.  But if you’re a pro herbal smoker like myself and you enjoy herbal spice then you have to pick up a package of this Diablo Herbal Incense for yourself and see what I’m so excited about.

I will tell you that a 3 gram baggie of Diablo Herbal Incense will last you a pretty long time.  I have bought a thousand 3 gram bags of other herbal spices and they never last me 4 days.  Most of the time I burn though them in a night with some buddies.  But this herb was so strong It lasted me days.

So you’re already online why not hit up a website and order yourself a bag of Diablo Herbal Incense and do your own review.  You will be very happy with this herbal spice.  10/10 all around review on this one!

Way to go Diablo Herbal Incense you ROCK!